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English - Phonics & Early Reading

Phonics and Early Reading

Phonics in Foundation Stage and Key Stage One:

The teaching of phonics aims to build children's speaking and listening skills as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. Phonics lessons are taught from foundation stage up to year two and consist of regular 20 to 30 minute sessions using the Letters and Sounds programme published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. This programme sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven. Alongside the discrete phonic lessons, children are given the opportunities to develop their phonic knowledge and practise their skills within the daily wider curriculum.

Further information regarding Letters and Sounds can be found following the links below:


Key Stage Two:

Once children have acquired the necessary phonic skills to become confident and independent readers, they focus on the grammatical spelling rules. Spelling and grammar lessons are taught as separate lessons as well as in context within the other curriculum subjects.



Through phonics we are ensuring all children learn the mechanics of reading early in their school career. However, helping children to develop a love of reading and a habit of reading for pleasure every day is key to ensuring our children have the tools to succeed in life. With this in mind, reading for pleasure is given a high priority throughout the school and fits alongside the teaching of reading. Here, children are taught reading skills, strategies and techniques through shared reading and guided reading lessons. Those children requiring additional support receive one to one reading sessions. Children are expected to read regularly at home, which is monitored by the class teacher.


Our reading books are banded but we encourage children to choose library books to read too. We have a fully computerised library which is well stocked.